- Improved gait functions by increase in stride length and peak hip extension as well as a trend towards reduced average pelvic tilt based on yoga practice frequency (DiBenedetto et al., 2005).
- Improved isokinetic and isometric muscle strength and joint flexibility (Tran, Holly, Lashbrook, & Amsterdam, 2001).
- Increased range of motion (ROM) (M. S. Garfinkel, Schumacher Jr, Husain, Levy, & Reshetar, 1994; Haslock, Monro, Nagarathna, Nagendra, & Raghuram, 1994).
- Reduced pain in those with osteoarthritis (OA) (M. S. Garfinkel et al., 1994; M. S. Garfinkel et al., 1998).
- Improved balance and coordination in elderly patient with stroke (Bastille & Gill-Body, 2004).
- Improved upper body and trunk dynamic muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility (Cowen & Adams, 2005).
- Improved diastolic blood pressure (Cowen & Adams, 2005; Murugesan, Govindarajulu, & Bera, 2000; Telles et al., 1993).
- Improved cardio respiratory fitness (Prasad, Ramana, Raju, Reddy, & Murthy, 2001; Raju, Prasad, Venkata, Murthy, & Reddy, 1997; Tran et al., 2001)
- Improved cardiopulmonary endurance (Tran et al., 2001; Van Puymbroeck, Payne, & Pei-Chun, 2007),
- Increased forced expiratory volume (Telles, Nagarathna, Nagendra, & Desiraju, 1993),
- Increased endurance, increased vital capacity (Birkel & Edgren, 2000)
- Improved heart rate and body weight (Murugesan, Govindarajulu, & Bera, 2000; Telles et al., 1993).
- Increased emotional balance, improved awareness and an increase in energy (Collin, 1998; Herrick and Ainsworth, 2000)
- Enhanced mood (C. Wood, 1993).
- Improved quality of life with mindfulness-based stress reduction techniques (Carlson, Speca, Patel, & Goodey, 2004)
- Reduced fatigue reported by elderly participants (C. Wood, 1993),
- Reduced sleep disturbances and reduction of symptoms of stress (Carlson et al., 2004).
Motion Pattern of the Healthy Yoga Practitioner - Kinetics and Kinematics of the Lower Extremity During Three Yoga Postures and Comparison to Three Activities of Daily Living